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Category: How To’s

February 15th, 2017 by Administrator















Should I backup?

Short answer is YES you should backup your computer!

The long answer, it is a bit tricky to decide just how, when, and where to back up.

With options from cloud to NAS, Network Attached Storage, price ranges vary. Here, we will go over some options and price ranges that cover common backup needs you may face.

Ela Computer Repair

Standard Hard Drive

Your standard hard drive is the most common of backup options, either external or internal. A local backup is hands down the most common form of backup that will work for most users. Some issues with this method are failure of the hard drive as well as what capacity drive do you needed.

 

Things that need consideration!

 

There are some considerations that we will cover.

  1. Capacity
  2. Cost
  3. Failure
  4. Internal or External
  5. SSD or HDD

What capacity do you need, well…it depends. For most people a 1 Terabyte external hard drive is more than enough. Your particular needs may very and we would recommend going over your option with a trained professional if you feel you need specialized help.

How much is this going to cost, on average storage is about $0.03 Per GB. So a 1 Terabyte hard drive is right around $30 plus the cost of an external enclosure if needed. 

Failure rates for modern hard drives are now at 2% per year. Meaning the first year of ownership your hard drive has roughly a 2% chance of failure, the second year 4%, third year 6%, and so on. 

For this reason you always want to have important data backed up to at least 3 separate places. One local backup, cloud backup, and off-site backup is ideal for mission critical or vital data.

For most users an external backup solution will work wonderfully. However we highly recommend using SSD, Solid State Drive, these have no moving parts and failure rates that are tenths of 1%. That’s less than 1% failure rate! 

Ela Computer Repair

Standard Solid State Drive

 

The next solution we will cover is cloud storage, this is hands down the easiest and safest way to store your data. With monthly plans available for Google, Microsoft, and many others including Ela Computer Repair you really can’t go wrong with cloud storage.

 

What is a NAS?

 

Ela Computer Repair

ASUSTOR AS3204T NAS

The last solution we will cover are NAS systems also known as Network Attached Storage. These systems are becoming increasingly affordable to the average user. A good NAS is one that offers RAID and at least 4 drive bays as well as up to 32 Terabytes of storage. Here is a link to a solution we highly recommend http://amzn.to/2kLpBMf.

Posted in Daily Stuff and Things, How To's, Service and Repair Tagged with: ,

October 24th, 2016 by Administrator



How to: Upgrade a computer

In this how to we will take a look at the following items and learn how to upgrade a computer.

  1. Can my computer be upgraded?
  2. Upgrade path.
  3. What are the options for upgrading?
  4. Where can I find the right parts?
  5. The basic Installation.

Can my computer be upgraded?

The sort answer is, it depends. First you will need to find out the make and model of your computer. This can usually be found on a label somewhere on your computer. For laptops, it usually on the bottom or under the battery. For desktops, it is usually written on the computer itself or on a label at the back of the computer, where the power cable plugs into the computer. Once armed with the make and model you can then do a search and find the specifications, your manufactures website is ideal. The manufacture website will generally tell you the memory your computer will support as well as the CPU’s the motherboard supports. For laptops, a CPU upgrade is not an option. As well as being limited in the number of CPU’s supported.

ram-ssd

Upgrade Path.

Once you know your computers limitations you will then know your upgrade path. There are two main options.

  1. Increase the amount of RAM
  2. Replace the old hard drive with a modern solid state drive, also known as an SSD.

RAM: or memory, come in many different configurations. Armed with the knowledge of your system specs you will know exactly how much memory and it what configuration you need. A great tool for this is found here: http://www.crucial.com/usa/en/systemscanner Crucial system scan will tell you exactly what your computer will support and in what configuration.

Solid State Drive: A SSD is simple a hard drive with no moving parts, the storage is based on flash memory. Just like a USB storage device, only meant for internal use with various different interfaces. The most common interface is SATA III, Serial AT Attachment Revision 3.x, which is, currently, the latest revision of the SATA interface. However SATA I, II, and III are all interchangeable and perfectly compatible. The difference being the transfer speed of the interface. SATA I rated at 1.5Gbp/s | SATA II rated at 3 Gbp/s | SATA III rated at 6Gbp/s.

If a devices is rated for SATA III and you connect to a computer rated for SATA I your speed will be limited to which ever devices has the lowest standard.

You can get boot up times in seconds instead of minutes changing out your old hard drive to a SSD.

 

Where can I find the right parts?

There are a number of sites you can use to find great quality parts. We recommend Amazon and you can find all you computer parts by visiting Amazon.

 

Basic Installation of SSD and RAM.

The easiest upgrade anyone can do is to install RAM, next to that is a new SSD.

To begin you will need a tool set of phillips head screw drivers and a plastic pry tool for some laptops.

For desktops remove the side panel, with the computer unplugged from the wall. You will see the RAM sitting vertical in the motherboard.

Here is a good video from Linus Media Group.

For laptop’s the memory installation is slightly different.

Here is a video that shows both upgrades being performed on a laptop.

Installing a SSD in a desktop may require a 2.5 to 3.5 Adapter, click the link to go to Amazon. As well as a phillips head screw driver. The video below gives a great visual of the process.

 

Conclusion

While not for everyone the upgrade process is quite simple and the benefits are profound. A SSD and RAM upgrade is the best combination of upgrades you can do to an old or aged computer system.

 

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October 10th, 2016 by Administrator



Branded email:Branded Email

Branded email is key to promoting your business. A branded email helps your business portray a sense of authenticity and professionalism.

Easy to Setup:

A branded email is easy to setup! You only need a few things to get started. A computer, squirrelmail, hMailServer, and DNS service. With very little effort and knowledge anyone can set up their own email and server, even for a home based business.

 

It’s Inexpensive:

Your only cost is the cost to register your domain as well as the cost of a DNS provider, like dyndns. $40 per year for managed DNS using your own domain, it’s a great deal!

You don’t need a server:

Thats right, no server needed! hMailServer can be running on even the most basic computer with an internet connection. You can use a basic computer like the Dell Optiplex 755 – http://amzn.to/2e6rIvq –  to run your eMail server and at a very low cost, if you don’t have a spare computer lying around to use for email.

Create a sense of growth:

Give your business a feeling of big business! A generic email address can convey that your business is small, or new, or part-time. Even if it is why not give it that big business feel. You get to create a sense of value for your time, a generic email can help to prevent a sense where customers fell as though your time is not as valuable. As well you can have multiple email address such as support@yourdomain.com or services@yourdomain.com. These help to support your professional image and grow your brand awareness.

email for Employees:

You can set-up personal email address for each employee and have it forward to their personal email so they can always stay up to date. Even if you have no employees give yourself your own email as using admin is not recommended and will normally gather spam quickly.

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September 17th, 2016 by Administrator



How To: Small Office Network Layout 

How To: Small Office Layout: Most homes and small offices can benefit from knowing how they need to layout their network for best performance. We thought that we could help by drawing up a little diagram to help those that need a visual ad. While this is geared more toward a small business a home user can really benefit from this setup. Giving you the ability to share files from one source. As well as backup multiple devices at once over a gigabit network.

 

Home user could do without the firewall but it would be unwise for a business.

How To: Small Office Network Layout – Things you will need

List of devices you can use for each application and where to find them!

  1. Modem: You get this from your ISP normally.
  2. Firewall: Netgear FVS336G ProSafe – Amazon Link
  3. Load Balancer: TP-Link TL-R470T+ – Amazon Link
  4. Wireless Router: NETGEAR Nighthawk AC1900 – Amazon Link
  5. Switch: NETGEAR ProSAFE GSS116E – Amazon Link
  6. Network Attached Storage (NAS): ZyXEL Personal Cloud – Amazon Link

Note – Hard drives are not included with most NAS systems, we recommend: WD Red 6TB NAS Hard Disk Drive – Amazon Link

You can switch the orientation of the Load Balancer and the Firewall. If your firewall does not have the ability to accept multiple WAN connections. In this case you would put the Load Balancer first followed by the firewall.

 

How To: Small Office Layout – Additional Details

This can be setup easily by anyone that is comfortable with networking. It does not require a professional for installation but it is recommended. On a scale of one to ten of difficulty this would rank a four for a professional. For the average computer users it would rank an eight.

Ela Computer Repair offers this service and more information can be found: http://www.elacomputerrepair.com/services

Our service includes Load Balancer and Setup. Other equipment is extra and would incur additional labor costs.

How To: Small Office Layout

Small Office or Home Network Diagram

Posted in How To's

September 16th, 2016 by Administrator



How to: Setup TP-LINK TL-R470T+

tl-r470t-02

TP-LINK TL-R470T+

Setup TP-Link TL-R470T+

 

  • Default IP is 192.168.0.1 User and Password is admin and admin | Graphic 1
  • Choose Network and then WAN in the left menu | Graphic 2
  • Select how many WAN port you will be using, you can use upto 4 | Graphic 2
  • Now you need to select the tab WAN | Graphic 3
  • Next enter the details for WAN 1 | Graphic 3
  • Repeat for WAN 2 – 4 where applicable
  • Then Select Advanced in the left menu and then Load Balance | Graphic 4
  • TP-Link recommends setting the TL-R470T+ up as it is shown | Graphic 4

The Strength of the TL-R470T+

The true power of the TP-LINK TL-R470T+ is it’s ease of use and it’s price. Currently you can get one for just a little over $40 on Amazon. This is a great deal, one that should be taken while they last! https://goo.gl/rzPqSC

Ease of Use

Being one of the easiest setups we have ever come across there is no need to be a cisco certified network technician to setup the TP-LINK TL-R470T+. With an easy to use web interface and nice menus that tell the user exactly where to go to make needed changes. The setup could not be more straightforward.

 

Features

  • Dynamic IP, Static IP, PPPoE, L2TP, PPTP, Dual Access and BigPond Cable Internet connection options easily connect to Internet
  • Built-in DHCP server supports static IP address distribution
  • Time-based access control allows parents or administrators to establish restricted access policies for children or staff
  • IP-based bandwidth control allows administrators to determine how much bandwidth is allotted to each PC which guarantees the performance of VoIP or video applications
  • PPPoE server and E-Bulletin help administrators better manage the client accounts
  • Built-in firewall supports IP address filtering, MAC address filtering, URL filtering and WEB Contents(Java, ActiveX, Cookies) Filtering
  • IP and MAC binding function effectively prevents ARP virus attacks
  • Powerful DoS attack protection safeguards your network
  • Virtual Server, Special Application, DMZ host and UPnP help users build their own servers
  • DDNS helps users utilize remote management easily with a domain name

Note: Above information apply to TL-R470T+ version 2.0 & 3.0 ONLY. – Source – 

 

Click The Image to enlarge and open in New Tab!

Setup TP-Link TL-R470T+

Setup TP-Link TL-R470T+ | Graphic 1

 

Setup TP-Link TL-R470T+

Setup TP-Link TL-R470T+ | Graphic 2

 

Setup TP-Link TL-R470T+

Setup TP-Link TL-R470T+ | Graphic 3

 

Setup TP-Link TL-R470T+

Setup TP-Link TL-R470T+ | Graphic 4

 

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